A multicultural country in East Africa whose diverse landscape encompasses the snowcapped Rwenzori Mountains and immense Lake Victoria - the principal source of the great River Nile. With abundant wildlife such as Chimpanzees, Gorillas, the famous Big 5 at 10 Savannah parks and more than 1.000 rare bird species, the parks offer traditional savannah safaris along with boat tours, forest hikes, mountain climbing and wildlife research activities. Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park is a renowned mountain gorilla sanctuary, while Kidepo Valley National contends for best destination in Africa for wild game drives.
Uganda is a well-watered country. Nearly one-fifth of the total area, or 44,000 square kilometers, is open water or swampland. Four of East Africa's Great Lakes - Lake Victoria, Lake Kyoga, Lake Albert, and Lake Edward - lie within Uganda or on its borders.
The ten National Parks display the best in East Africa. Their Rift Valley landscapes and tropical forests make dramatic backdrops to an extensive variety of flora and fauna.
Uganda is unrivalled on the continent as a bird-watching destination with over 1,000 species of birds – several of which are found nowhere else on the planet. It is also home to 13 types of primates including over half of the world’s endangered Mountain Gorillas, and our closest relative – the chimpanzee.
Another beautiful attraction is Queen Elizabeth’s tree-climbing lions, but also the Virunga Volcanoes, the snow-capped Rwenzori Mountains and the famous Bwindi’s “impenetrable forest” offer a magnificent variety of wildlife, surrounded by the wonderful sights.
What to do
Cycling and Mountain Biking
Bwindi Impenetrable Forest
Bwindi Impenetrable Forest is one of UNESCO's heritage sites best known for its Mountain Gorilla populations. Bwindi is one of the few national parks in Africa to have flourished throughout the last Ice Age and it is home to roughly half of the world's mountain gorillas.
Though it is best known for its outstanding gorilla tracking, it also provides refuge to elephant, chimpanzee, monkeys and various small antelope and bird species.
Queen Elizabeth National Park
Queen Elizabeth N.P. is the most popular savanna park in Uganda and the best place to see the famous Tree Climbing lions, making it the perfect destination for a Wildlife Safari. It prides itself on great diversity of habitats: lakes, savannah, forests and wetlands that serve as home to the biggest variety of large mammals in the country.
Lake Mburo National Park
Lake Mburo N.P. is known as the 'Home for Zebras'.
Lake Mburo is the largest of the five lakes found in the park, which together attract hippos, crocodiles and a variety of water birds, while the swamps hide sitatunga antelope.
Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary
Ziwa is the home of the only wild rhinos in Uganda and the only place where you will be able to see rhinos in the wild. For Rhino Trekking it's possible to enter the territory of the southern white rhinos on foot. Well-trained rangers will guide you through the bush to where the rhinos are on the day of your visit.
One of Uganda's oldest conservation areas, that Winston Churchill described as "Kew Gardens and the zoo combined on an unlimited scale", the park is bisected by the Victoria Nile which first races down 80km of rapids before plunging 40m at Murchison Falls, the centre piece of the park. This stretch of river provides one of Uganda's most memorable wildlife spectacles: elephant, giraffe, buffalo, hippopotamus and crocodile are permanent residents.
Kibale Forest National Park
Kibale National Park is home to the greatest variety and concentration of primates found anywhere in East Africa; 13 remarkable primate species, including L'Hoests and red colobus monkeys flourish within the park.
At least 60 mammal species are present in Kibale Forest.
Lake Bunyonyi is believed to be extremely beautiful: a magical place, whose 29 islands, made up of terraced hills, reminiscent of parts of Nepal, have enclosed and preserved nature and culture completely unchanged over time for centuries.
Fort Portal in western Uganda, is situated between the Rwenzori Mountains, Kibale National Park and Queen Elizabeth National Park, and is a significant market town. The highlights are rock paintings, landscape sceneries, several crater lakes and the Semiliki valleys near the municipality.