The Republic of Botswana is located in the southwestern part of Africa and covers an area of 581,730 km².
Botswana is one of the top travel destinations in Africa. The country offers many top tourist highlights with the Okavango Delta and adjacent Moremi Game Reserve and numerous other fascinating wildlife areas such as the Chobe National Park, the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park and the Nxai and Makgadikgadi Pans area.
Botswana is regarded as a model country for combating corruption in southern Africa and, according to Transparency International, has the lowest corruption susceptibility of all African countries. The country adheres to democratic principles such as freedom of the press, opinion and religion.
There are about 2.2 million inhabitants in Botswana. In relation to its area, Botswana has a very low population density.
Botswana's capital is Gaborone, the largest and most populated city in the country.
Botswana is around 90% covered in savanna, varying from shrub savanna in the southwest in the dry areas to tree savanna consisting of trees and grass in the wetter areas.
It’s hard to think about Botswana without elephants. The vast elephant herds of Chobe, which has the highest concentration of elephants in the world, are an awesome sight.
Botswana is a natural game reserve even for most animals found in southern Africa, including lions, leopards, cheetahs, giraffes, zebras, hippopotamuses, rhinoceroses, African buffalo, hyenas, and 22 species of antelope. The duiker (a small, horned antelope), wildebeest and springbok are familiar.
Bird species reported are 593.
What to do
Cycling and Mountain Biking
The magical and world famous Okavango Delta is one of the absolute highlights of a trip to Botswana. Here, the Okavango River meets the Kalahari and forms the world's largest inland delta, that during the rainy season increases to more than 20.000 km².
Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park
The Kgalagadi is considered a great park for observing the large African cats of prey. But is more than that: is a place where you are officially lost. No cell phones, WIFI or TV signals. A place where there is nothing but the silence and sounds of the nature around you.
Chobe National Park
The amount of wildlife in the Chobe NP is immense, boasting the highest wildlife populations in southern Africa. The elephant populations are especially huge, apart herds of zebras, wildebeests, antelopes, many cats, hyenas and lots more are found.
Tsodilo Hills is a range of hills with of the highest concentrations of rock paintings worldwide. As these paintings are extremely unique, Tsodilo Hills were proclaimed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. These hills form one of the highest elevations in Botswana surrounded by endless savannas.
Central Kalahari Game Reserve
In one of the five largest nature reserves in the world, you are almost alone in a pristine, secluded and dry savanna that is unique in Africa. This area only opened its doors to tourism in 1998: this means that the flora and fauna could develop undisturbed.
Makgadikgadi Pans National Park
The Makgadikgadi Pans N.P. forms an impressive surreal landscape with its huge salt pans.
The name Makgadikgadi means "vast, lifeless land”. For those who prefer solitude and silence this is paradise, as even during the high season people are scarce here.